What is the alternative to fossil fuel imports from Russia? Europe’s resource independence as a stimulus for an acceleration in transition processes. How to ensure common energy security? How to protect the competitiveness of the Polish economy? The new regulatory framework – the European taxonomy, the ‘Fit for 55’ package, ESG standards, EU funding for green investments, possible changes to the EU ETS, national support schemes, and the regulations governing citizen-owned energy and distributed power generation. How to catch up with the transition? The role of the state and the role of private business and individual investors.